Increasing age causes a natural decline in immunity.2
As immune function declines, there is a reduction in the number and functionality of immune cells that prevent reactivation of VZV.1-6
Age-related decline in immunity leads to a sharp increase in the incidence and complications of shingles.1,2
By age 85, the lifetime risk of shingles rises from 1:3 to 1:2.2,7
In older patients, achieving high vaccine efficacy rates can be challenging.3
VZV=varicella zoster virus.
99% of people ≥50 years old are infected with the varicella zoster virus.8
In 1 out of 3 people, the dormant virus reactivates and causes shingles—a blistering rash that can be excruciatingly painful.2,9
SHINGLES CAN LEAD TO SERIOUS AND LONG-LASTING COMPLICATIONS, INCLUDING2:
Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN)
Herpes zoster ophthalmicus
The most feared complication of shingles is surely PHN—the prolonged, sometimes incapacitating pain that continues after resolution of the rash.12
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, June 2015
References: 1. Kimberlin DW, Whitley RJ. Varicella-zoster vaccine for the prevention of herpes zoster. N Engl J Med. 2007; 356(13):1338-1343. 2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevention of herpes zoster: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR. 2008;57(RR-5):1-30. 3. Levin MJ. Immune senescence and vaccines to prevent herpes zoster in older persons. Curr Opin Immunol. 2012;24(4):494-500. 4. Chlibek R, Smetana J, Pauksens K, et al. Safety and immunogenicity of three different formulations of an adjuvanted varicella-zoster virus subunit candidate vaccine in older adults: a phase II, randomized, controlled study. Vaccine. 2014;32(15):1745-1753. 5. Patterson-Bartlett J, Levin MJ, Lang N, Schödel FP, Vessey R, Weinberg A. Phenotypic and functional characterization of ex vivo T cell responses to the live attenuated herpes zoster vaccine. Vaccine. 2007;25(41):7087-7093. 6. Weinberg A, Lazar AA, Zerbe GO, et al. Influence of age and nature of primary infection on varicella—zoster virus—specific cell-mediated immune responses. J Infect Dis. 2010;201(7):1024-1030. 7. Schmader K. Herpes zoster in older adults. Clin Infect Dis. 2001;32(1):1481-1486. 8. Kilgore PE, Kruszon-Moran D, Seward JF, et al. Varicella in Americans from NHANES III: implications for control through routine immunization. J Med Virol. 2003;70(suppl 1):S111-S118. 9. Kawai K, Gebremeskel BG, Acosta CJ. Systematic review of incidence and complications of herpes zoster: towards a global perspective. BMJ Open. 2014;4(6):e004833. 10. Prescribing Information for SHINGRIX. 11. Yawn BP, Saddier P, Wollan PC, St. Sauver JL, Kurland MJ, Sy LS, et al. A population-based study of the incidence and complication rates of herpes zoster before zoster vaccine introduction. Mayo Clin Proc. 2007;82(11):1341-1349. 12. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Summary Report. June 24-25, 2015.
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1004182R0 April 2018